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Panchakarma Therapy

Panchakarma (A unique treatment of Ayurveda)

Various Ayurveda procedures for Body Cleansing/Detoxifying,

Rejuvenation & Longevity (For Total Health Promotion)

What is Panchakarma?

As the name suggests, Pancha in Sanskrit stands for Five and Karma are the therapeutic measures, therefore Panchakarma means five types of therapeutic measures. These are undertaken for the purification of the body and Ayurveda considers it necessary before the start of any other therapy. The logic being that as a cloth needs to be purified or cleaned of impurities and dust before it can be permeated with a new color; similarly the body needs to be purified before it can be permeated with new colors of youthfulness, health and vigor etc. In fact, most of the time, Panchakarma is an end in itself rather than a prelude to other therapeutic measures.

The Panchakarma therapy of Ayurveda is comprised of five basic types of advanced treatment for the evacuation of vitiated Dosha (toxic materials) from the body. One can consider this as a body de-tox program. There are so many subtypes of this therapy and different types of herbal massages, fomentation's such as steam, external oil treatments, Basti (medicated enemas), Virechana (purgation through herbs), Vamana (emesis through herbs), Nasya (nasal administration of oils) etc. are also incorporated. These practices are extremely helpful in relieving deep seated diseases as well as being beneficial for maintaining and improving physical and mental health.

Purvakarma: Pre-purification Measures for Panchakarma Before the actual operation of purification begins, there is a need to prepare the body in prescribed methods to encourage the release of toxins. The two procedures are Snehana and Swedana.

Snehana (Abhyangam):- Massage

This is the oil massage. Oil is applied to the entire body with a particular type of massage which helps the toxins to move towards the gastro-intestinal tract. Oil massage also makes the superficial and deep tissues soft and supple, thus helping to remove stress and to nourish the nervous system. Snehana is given daily for three to seven days, as indicated.

Swedana is sudation or sweating and is given every day immediately following the Snehana. An herbal concoction may be added to the steam to further loosen the toxins from the individual. Swedana liquefies the toxins and increases the movement of toxins into the gastro-intestinal tract.

Pradhanakarma: - Main Purification measures of Panchakarmat

The prominent five therapies used in Panchakarma are:


Vaman means therapeutic vomiting or emesis. It is used to eliminate Kapha toxins collected in the body and the respiratory tract. This therapy is highly beneficial for people with high Kapha imbalance. Various health ailments that can be cured effectively with this treatment include.

Bronchial Asthma, Chronic Allergies, Hay Fever, Psoriasis, Hyperacidity, Chronic Indigestion, Nasal Congestion, Edema, Obesity, Psychological disorders and Skin disorders.


The term Virechana stands for Purgation. This therapy is applied to remove Pitta toxins from the body that accumulate in the liver and gallbladder. It helps to clean the gastro-intestinal tract and considered a safe procedure without any side effects.

It is helpful in treatment of Chronic Fever, hDiabetes, Asthma, Skin disorders, Joint disorders, Digestive disorders, Constipation, Hyperacidity, Vitiligo, Psoriasis, Headaches, Elephantiasis and Gynecological disorders.


Basti or enema is considered the most important treatment of Panchakarma as it cleanses the accumulated toxins from all the three doshas Vata, Pitta and Kapha, through the colon. It is used as detoxification and rejuvenating treatment.

This therapy is highly useful in diseases like Hemiplegia, Paraplegia, Colitis, Convalescence, Cervical Spondylosis, Irritable Bowel Syndrome Constipation, Digestive disorders, Backache & Sciatica, Hepatomegaly & Splenomegaly, Obesity, Piles, Sexual Debility & Infertility.

Anuvasana Basti - medicated oil enemas and Niruha Basti - medicated enema of decoctions and medicated oils.

Shankh- prakchalna

It is very powerful & complete intestinal, colon cleansing.

It is yogic procedure by the salted hydro-lemon therapy with yoga-asanas.


Nasya means administration of medicated oils through the nose to cleanse Kapha toxins accumulated in sinus, throat, nose or head areas. There are different types of nasya treatments that are given to the patient according to the ailments to be treated.

This treatment is useful in Improving memory & eye sight, Elimination of excess Mucus, Hyper pigmentation in the face, Pre-mature graying of hair, clarity to voice, Headaches of various origin, Hemiplegia, Loss of smell and taste, Frozen shoulder, Migraine, Stiffness of the neck, Nasal Allergies Nasal Polyp, Neurological dysfunctions, Paraplegiar, Sinusitis.

Rakta moksha

Raktamoksha or blood letting is the traditional Ayurvedic method for purification and cleansing of the blood. This treatment is useful in detoxifying the blood and the ailments related to blood impurity such as chronic skin disorders. It is also helpful treatment for liver and spleen ailments. This treatment is usually not included in regular panchkarma procedure, as certain precautions are needed for it.

Traditionally, three of the five actions are designed for the three different body types. For Vata, generally the smaller-framed person, the cleansing method suggested is the medicated enema (Basti). For Pitta, generally the medium-framed person, purgation with special herbs is suggested (Virechana). For Kapha, generally the larger-framed person, emesis (Vamana) is recommended. The remaining two traditional cleansing methods are therapeutic release of toxic blood, and medicated nasal therapy (Nasya).

The main benefits derived from Panchakarma therapy are:

Increased digestion,

Improved absorption and assimilation of all nutrients at the physical, mental and spiritual levels.

Deeper and more restful sleep.

Elimination of all toxins, poisons and memory of disease.

Rebuilding body tissues, promoting rejuvenation and longevity.

Normalization of the menstrual cycle.

Increased awareness and increased emotional and mental clarity.

Increased physical flexibility.

Deeper and more insightful meditation - by teaching us how to discover the seat of divinity in the most embryonic form, thus creating a balance in all the different bodies.

Other miscellaneous therapies of Panchakarma:-

Shirodhara: It is recommended in anxiety, depression, hypertension, insomnia,etc

Kati Basti:

Useful in different backaches.

Manya Basti:

Useful in Spondalities, stiffness & pain of neck muscles.

Hriday Basti:

Useful in heart muscles Weakness.

Krana Basti:

Uesful in ear ailments.

Janu Basti:

Useful in arthritis of the knee joint.

Nadi Sweda: Useful in pain disorders of different sites.

Uro Basti :-

Useful in chest problems by the herbal medicated oil.

Pinda Sweda:

Useful in neurological ailments and in the management of different pains.

Shashti-Shali Pindasweda:

Useful in neurological ailments.


Useful in the ailments of the eyes.


Useful in hair loss and the falling hair and other diseases of skull.

Uttara Basti:

Useful in genitourinary diseases and infertility of female.


It is a medicated Ubtan to be applied over the skin for fair and glowing skin.

Mukh Lepanam:-

It is a herbal medicated face pack to be applied over the face for fair and glowing skin of face.
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